Microbes on Mars may be distributed across the planet through dust particles

Image Credit: Eurekalert

To decide what happens on Mars, an analog test can be performed in the very mars-like Atacama Desert. Scientists and researchers do not have to leave their comfort of atmosphere and gravity to find unanswered questions about Mars. Mars is long away from the life-saving planet Earth. The Elon Musk’s plans might be strong as a rock, but visiting Mars on real terms is hard. To do this, you can go back to northern Chile to get the phenomena correct.

The international scientist’s troop, which is led by Armando Azua-Bustos took a path to the Atacama Desert to perform a test. The test was conducted to know how the microscopic organism’s bacteria and fungi were able to move across the desert in so much of distances. The research, as published in the journal Scientific Reports confirmed that the “very simple experiment” was taken up to check the survivability of microbes under harsh conditions. The conditions can be either extreme aridity or ultraviolet radiation that is prevalent in the Atacama. The simple experiment was set up in six specific sites in the vicinity of Atacama. The first site was 63 kilometers in the distance, followed by the second with 50 kilometers. When the scientists collected the sample in individual plates, four species of fungi and five species of bacteria were found.

The bacteria found in the core of Atacama desert must have originated close to the coast and traveled this intense to the desert is what suggested by the researchers. The airborne bacteria were also found growing in the broth, which was set by the team. This asserts that the bacteria and fungi have traveled from far off places through the air. The same thing follows on the surfaces of Mars as the Martian dust probably have carried bacteria and fungi or conveniently microbes across the red planet in the past.


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