Recent research in Tel Aviv University suggests the genetic characteristics of Neanderthals- early humans evolved in Europe about 400,000 years ago, and the extinct elephant-like animals are same for adapting the cold environments. The ancient woolly mammoths are developed about 600,000 years ago in the Arctic peninsula of Eurasia. The ancient Neanderthals are known to be highly skilled humans at the time of evolution. According to professor Ran Barkai of TAU’s Department of Archaeology, Neanderthals were depended on mammoths for survival. The evidence found is suggesting that the Neanderthals hunted and fed on the mammoths for an extended period- about tens of thousands of years.
The ancient humans are depended on the calories come from eating on the mammoths, and it helps in successful adaption. Mammoths and Neanderthals were living together during the ice age in Europe. The saying, “you are what you eat” is best suited for the Neanderthals. They ate the ancient Mammoths and may share the same genetic trait with mammoths. To review the genetical similarities between the Neanderthals and mammoths archaeologists took a few cases. One of those cases is the adaption to cold weather, the genomes of both Neanderthals and woolly mammoths. The alternative forms of gene arise in Neanderthals due to the mutation found in the same place of chromosome
The gene related to thermo-genesis, fat storage and regulation of adipose tissue – the LEPR gene has a mutual appearance, located in the first case study. In the second case, the study is conducted on the gene related to keratin protein. The genetic resemblance of the woolly mammoth and the ancient humans is studied in the second case. In the third case the researchers analyzed MC1R and SLC7A11 genes which are responsible for hair and skin pigmentation. The study indicates the resemblance of molecular variants of both the Neanderthals and woolly mammoths.
There are similar cold adapting genes present in both the species; the traits help them to evolve from African ancestors to Eurasian ancestors. The study has given evidence about the convergent evolution had happened throughout the old years. The little resemblance shows the connection between the adapted species, says Kislev. These kinds of studies are essential for future evolutionary research. When this type of research involves large-brained mammal, they are going to be very interesting. The resemblance of the complex social behavior, long life, the interactions in between and other habits with ancient humans can get linked. The study says, both the Neanderthals and wooly elephant-like animals are the ancestors of Africa and Europe. They adopted the climatic condition of the ice age. Both the species are believed to be got extinct at the same time.
The elephant-like mammoth animals were anciently woolly to adopt the cold climate of Europe in an ice age. The Neanderthals-the early humans hunt and eat those mammoths for successful adoption of genetic traits of the woolly mammoths. The Neanderthals are believed to be the most skilled early humans in the ancient era. The newly found facts are interesting for future research.